Carpet and Rug Constructions

Machine Woven/ Wilton

The wilton weave construction is the most versatile & unique weave structure, offering a range of distinctive textures. Wilton carpets may be ‘all cut’, ‘all loop’ or a combination of the two.

Wilton carpets are woven pile carpets where the pile is formed by inserting wires in the pile warps of the carpet. Loop pile is created by the use of round wires; cut pile is created by the use of cutting wires. The cutting wires have a sharp edge, shearing the yarn as they are extracted. Because the yarn is buried on the back and only lifted when a specific color is needed, a wilton carpet has significant body and resilience.

Machine Tufted

Tufting is the process of creating textiles, especially carpet, on specialized multi-needle sewing machines. Several hundred needles stitch hundreds of rows of pile yarn tufts through a backing fabric called the primary backing. The needles push yarn through a primary backing fabric, where a loop holds the yarn in place to form a tuft as the needle is removed. The yarn is caught by loopers and held in place for loop-pile carpet or cut by blades for cut-pile carpet. Next, secondary backings of various types are applied, specifically engineered to render a variety of performance properties.


Handloomed carpets and rugs are simply made using a loom that is operated by hand. The loom is a large floor loom that is operated by one or more people simultaneously. The pattern is controlled by harnesses that are raised and lowered by means of a hand or foot pedal. Handloomed products may have a loop or cut pile construction, or a combination of cut and loop. Like the wilton weave, the loop or cut is typically formed through the use of wires inserted in the warp. These carpets have simple patterns and are highly textural because of this process.

Ranging from very thin to very thick pile, they are made more quickly than hand knotted rugs because of less design and color changes.


The term handwoven can be an all-encompassing because any rug literally woven by hand, is handwoven. That being said, typically the term handwoven refers to flatweave construction that is made on either a vertical or horizontal loom. Many other types of carpets and rugs – running the gamut from shags to woven vegetable fiber rugs of jute and hemp – are also considered Hand Woven. Handwoven carpet and rugs tend to lean towards more simplistic designs such as solids, stripes and geometric patterns.

When vacuuming handloomed and handwoven carpets, it is important to raise the beater bar and use only the suction.

Quality padding is necessary for maximum carpet performance on all carpets. J Mish recommends its premium wool pad at 24 or 36 ounces or a quality fiber or urethane pad. Wool pad should not be used in areas where moisture is an issue.